What Is Beauty?

Although beauty is a subjective perspective, can we describe what actually defines beauty? What parameters decide what “contains” beauty or not, what makes someone attractive?

The answer can be found in math.

Golden Ratio

The Golden Ratio is a number derived when a line is divided such that the ratio between the larger (a) to the smaller length (b) is the same as the ratio between the sum of the whole length (a+b) to the larger of the lengths (a). i.e: a/b = (a+b)/a . This value is found to be 1.618, and it is often symbolized by the Greek alphabet “phi”.

The Golden Ratio is has fascinated many for thousands of years, due to its frequent appearance in geometry, and in nature. The Fibonacci sequence – numbers in an integer sequence, follows and is seen in flower petals, nautilus shells, and even spiral galaxies.

Phi also appears in architecture, such as the Pyramids and the Parthenon or Athens. Many Renaissance artists, the most famous of them, Leonardo Da Vinci, used the Golden Ratio in many of his paintings, such as The Last Supper, Mona Lisa, and the Vitruvian Man.

Measure of Beauty

Artists realize that human faces which followed the Golden Ratio were also the ones which we found to be more aesthetically pleasing and beautiful. The Golden Ratio can be found in all areas of the face – at least 24 golden ratios can be found, and possessing these ratios will give us the perfect face.

Where Does Your Skin Fit In?


The Fitzpatrick Skin Type is a skin classification system first developed in 1975 by Dr. Thomas Fitzpatrick.

Fitzpatrick system classifies skin type according to the amount of pigment your skin has and your skin’s reaction to sun exposure. This information can help predict your overall risk of sun damage and skin cancer and also it may help with some aesthetic treatments particularly laser and IPL treatments.

  • skin color (before sun exposure): ivory
  • eye color: light blue, light gray, or light green
  • natural hair color: red or light blonde
  • sun reaction: skin always freckles, always burns and peels, and never tans
  • skin color (before sun exposure): fair or pale
  • eye color: blue, gray, or green
  • natural hair color: blonde
  • sun reaction: skin usually freckles, burns, and peels often, and rarely tans
  • skin color (before sun exposure): fair to beige, with golden undertones
  • eye color: hazel or light brown
  • natural hair color: dark blonde or light brown
  • sun reaction: skin might freckle, burns on occasion, and sometimes tans
  • skin color (before sun exposure): olive or light brown
  • eye color: dark brown
  • natural hair color: dark brown
  • sun reaction: doesn’t really freckle, burns rarely, and tans often
  • skin color (before sun exposure): dark brown or black
  • eye color: dark brown to black
  • natural hair color: dark brown to black
  • sun reaction: rarely freckles, almost never burns, and always tans
  • skin color (before sun exposure): black
  • eye color: brownish black
  • natural hair color: black
  • sun reaction: never freckles, never burns, and always tans darkly


This photo-aging classification system was developed by Dr. Richard Glogau and is designed to help to determine your skin type.

Photo-aging is the premature aging of the skin due to ultraviolet light exposure.

Damage is primarily visible in the form of discoloration and wrinkles. These symptoms develop at various ages depending on an individual’s skin type and exposure to the sun.

Type 1: ‘No Wrinkles’
  • Early photo-aging
  • Mild pigment changes
  • Minimal wrinkles
  • No ‘age spots
Type 2: ‘Wrinkles in Motion’
Patient age: 30s to 40s
  • Early to moderate photo-aging
  • Appearance of lines only when face moves
  • Early brown ‘age spots’
  • Skin pores more prominent
  • Early changes in skin texture
Type 3: ‘Wrinkles at Rest’
Patient age: 50s & older
  • Advanced photoaging
  • Prominent brown pigmentation
  • Visible brown ‘age spots’
  • Prominent, small blood vessels
  • Wrinkles now present with face at rest
Type 4: ‘Only Wrinkles’
Patient age: 60s or 70s
  • Severe photoaging
  • Wrinkles everywhere, at rest or moving
  • Yellow-gray skin color
  • Prior skin cancers
  • Pre-cancerous skin changes (actinic keratosis)

Pregnancy/Breastfeeding and Aesthetic Treatments

Pregnancy is a special time for any woman and during pregnancy and breastfeeding your skin goes through many changes because of physiological changes.

Many treatments as a precaution during this time might not be suitable and they are not proven to be safe for your baby.

Whilst you need to steer away from treatments such as skin laser, injectables, and some skin therapy treatments, there are some treatments which they are safe for pregnancy and breastfeeding including:

  • LED phototherapy
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Micro-needling
  • Some type of chemical peel